Jammu and kashmir elections over view 2014
The accession of the princely state of Jammu and Kashmir to Union of India in 1947.In Jammu and Kashmir Free democratic elections held for the first time In 1957 the state’s history, the National Conference won a majority of seats in a new constituent assembly and Sheikh Abdullah became the head of government. In 1957, a new constitution was adopted by the constituent assembly, which established a bicameral legislature.
The Legislative Assembly was initially composed of 100 members, later increased to 111 by the Constitution of Jammu and Kashmir (Twentieth Amendment) Act of 1988 Of these, 24 seats are designated for the territorial constituencies of the state that were occupied by Pakistan in 1947.These seats remain officially vacant as per section 48 of the state constitution. These seats are not taken into account for reckoning the total membership of the Assembly, especially for deciding quorum and voting majorities for legislation and government formation. Hence, the total contestable and filled seats of the assembly are presently 87.
Jammu and kashmir elections over view 2014:The state Jammu and Kashmir has a special status within the union government of India. Jammu and Kashmir enjoys special autonomy under Article 370 of the Constitution of India. The union government has direct legislative powers in matters of defense, foreign policy, and communications within the state and has indirect influence in matters of citizenship, Supreme Court jurisdiction, and emergency powers.Under the constitution of Jammu and Kashmir, the governor is the head of state, and is appointed by the President of India.
The assembly elections for 2014 are scheduled to be held by the end of the year. The elections will be held somewhere between October and December, as the new Government has to be formed by January 4, 2015.Now the total contestable and filled seats of the assembly are presently 87.The Kashmir valley region has 46 seats, the Jammu region has 37 seats and the Ladakh region has 4 seats.
Presently, the state is ruled by an INC alliance and Omar Abdullah is the Chief Minister of J&K. J&K has only six Lok Sabha seats for which elections took place in five different phaseThe Jammu & Kashmir (J&K) is a very sensitive state in terms of politics. There are several major issues in the state which includes the question of the civilian rights, Kashmiri Hindus, Kashmir migrants, separatist movements etc.
The Election Commission has announced that the 2014 Assembly Elections in Jammu and Kashmir will be held in five phases between November 25 and December 2, 9, 14 and 20 and votes will be counted on December 23.The Political Parties who are participating in 2014 elections in Jammu and Kashmir are 4 national parties and state level parties. Click for election symbols
National level political parties in Jammu and Kashmir
- Jammu and Kashmir National Conference (JKNC),
- Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP)
- The Indian National Congress (INC),
- The Jammu and Kashmir People’s Democratic Party (JKPDP)
State Level Political parties in Jammu And Kashmir
- All Jammu and Kashmir Patriotic Peoples Front
- Jamaat-e-Islami Kashmir
- Jammu and Kashmir National Panthers Party
- Praja Parishad Jammu and Kashmir
- Democratic Janata Dal (Jammu and Kashmir)
- Jammu and Kashmir Democratic Freedom Party
- Mallah Insaf Party